Scaling is a non-surgical procedure performed for patients with gum disease. The dentist removes plaque above and below the gum line. Unlike normal tooth cleaning, scaling goes deeper. It’s then followed by root planing which involves smoothing out the roots to ensure the gums reattach to the teeth. The two procedures can take more than one visit to the dentist, especially if you have receding gums. Here are some of the reasons why the procedure may be necessary.
To Treat Periodontitis
Truth be told, your mouth is a haven for bacteria. When it remains in your mouth for some time, it results in the formation of colorless plaque. If left untreated, it can cause Periodontitis. This is basically an infection of the gums that surround the teeth. Because it’s pain-free, most people don’t know they have the disease.
In severe cases, the gums can recede until the teeth begin to fall out. At this stage, there are only a few options left to fix your smile. Scaling can help to remove plaque on the tooth, gum line, and around the root where regular cleaning devices cannot reach. After that, an oral rinse is done to promote further healing.
To Protect Gums and Teeth
When your gum sockets exceed 3mm in depth, the bacteria can colonize causing an inflammatory response. If this problem is not addressed immediately, you may end up losing your teeth. Plaque can affect the tissues that support the teeth. It’s associated with problems such as:
- Bleeding gums
- Swollen gums
- Loose teeth
- Oral pain
Scaling and root planing will work on the root cause of the problem by inhibiting bacterial growth. Once these irritants are removed the healing process can begin.
To Treat Gingivitis
This is the first stage of gum disease. While brushing and flossing more often can help to fight irritation, the problem may come back after a few months. Scaling can help to remove tartar, dental plaque, and calculus which are linked to gingival inflammation. In the initial stages, it can be used as a stand-alone treatment. The procedure is carried out with an ultrasonic scaling tool which delivers antimicrobial agent below the gums. This is the best way to battle the unseen plaque. It’s worth mentioning that this procedure prevents the bacteria from traveling to other parts of the body.
Gingivitis is the main cause of teeth loss at an early age. If you don’t seek early treatment, you may experience further complications like gum recession. But if you address this problem before it becomes severe, you’ll prevent future occurrences.
To Make Your Teeth Aesthetically Pleasing
Healthy gums and teeth are needed for a beautiful smile. While scaling is done to remove the etiologic agents surrounding the gums and teeth, it also has aesthetic effects. It can help to remove the superficial stains on your teeth, adding an extra bonus to the procedure.
To Treat Halitosis
When you don’t brush and floss your teeth daily, the food particles in your mouth collect bacteria causing bad breath. This unpleasant condition may be embarrassing when you’re with your peers. If Halitosis (bad breath) is caused by bacteria, scaling and root planing can be of help. After a deep cleaning, you may have swollen gums for a week.
The scaling and root planing procedure helps to prevent gum disease. Even after a successful procedure, you must maintain good dental care and your gums will become firm in no time. Be sure to schedule a follow-up visit with your dentist at Tempe Family Dentistry.